First setup of Turris MOX⚓︎
Before you start⚓︎
If you didn’t buy a complete set or if you bought some extension modules, make sure everything is connected and put together before starting your MOX for the first time and before connecting it to the power supply. Make sure to connect all desired MOX modules in a correct order. Commonly used setups are ABC, AB and AF. We recommend to check the correct combination of modules and their interoperability in our MOX configurator.
Shut down your device and disconnect it from the power supply before connecting or disconnecting modules and/or upgrades. The hardware configuration of the device can not be changed at runtime.
As MOX is really modular and therefore what is LAN and what is WAN side could be a little bit tricky. Decision adheres to the following rules.
- If MOX has just one Ethernet port it is LAN
- If MOX has SFP, SFP is WAN and the rest of ports is LAN (including Ethernet port next to the power supply on MOX A)
- If it has switch(es) and no SFP, then all ports in switch are LAN and the port next to the power source on MOX A is WAN
When setting up your MOX, connect the cable from your Internet service provider to WAN port and connect just your trusted device (the computer which you use to setup the MOX) to one of the available LAN ports.
You may also use your LAN to interconnect the computer and the MOX. But ensure that there is no (other) DHCP server in the LAN as it would interfere with the one in your MOX. There is no password during initial setup. To eliminate potential security risks, setup your MOX first, go through the update procedure and connect other untrusted devices only afterwards.
Make sure you use proper Gigabit Ethernet cables, i.e., Cat 5e or Cat 6 straight unshielded twisted pair cables with 8 wires (8P8C) to connect your devices to the Turris as well as your Turris to the modem or another ISP device.
There is also a way to configure Turris Mox over Wi-Fi by using a configuration file and a USB drive.
One Ethernet port device⚓︎
The trickiest case is if you have only one Ethernet port. Therefore we created a special guide for the case with just one Ethernet port such as MOX Start, MOX Pocket Wi-Fi or MOX Power Wi-Fi.
Once you have all cables connected, you can power up your MOX by connecting the power supply. Wait for your MOX to boot up. During boot LED will shine red and once booted up, it will start blinking in heartbeat pattern (blink-blink-pause).
First boot can take a while. During that, MOX detects hardware and decides what is LAN and what is WAN based on your hardware configuration as described above. It also tries to detect running DHCP server on LAN side and if it finds one, it will switch itself into DHCP client mode. If it doesn’t find one, it will configure itself as DHCP server.
If you have a working zero-conf on your computer, you can access your router via http://turris.local address.
When booted, you can access the first-run wizard by using a web browser and entering as URL address of your router. In case of MOX running as DHCP server, web interface will be at http://192.168.1.1.
You can follow this tutorial on reForis first steps guide.